## Why R is so popular?

R is the most popular language in the world of Data Science. It is heavily used in analyzing data that is both structured and unstructured. This has made R, the standard language for performing statistical operations. R allows various features that set it apart from other Data Science languages.

## What is R used for?

R is a programming language for statistical computing and graphics that you can use to clean, analyze, and graph your data. It is widely used by researchers from diverse disciplines to estimate and display results and by teachers of statistics and research methods.

## Is R still free?

R is a free software environment for statistical computing and graphics. It compiles and runs on a wide variety of UNIX platforms, Windows and MacOS.

## Is R difficult to learn?

R is not hard to learn. R programming is a relatively simple scripting language and learning to use R to get statistical packages is not hard. Also commonly used in data science, R has a simple syntax that is easy to learn. However, the R programming language has some inconsistencies, which can make learning hard.

## Why is R better than Python?

While both Python and R can accomplish many of the same data tasks, they each have their own unique strengths....Strengths and weaknesses.Python is better for...R is better for...Handling massive amounts of dataCreating graphics and data visualizationsBuilding deep learning modelsBuilding statistical models1 more row•5 days ago

## Is R similar to Python?

Python and R are the preferred languages in Data Science, Data Analysis, Machine Learning, etc. Although they are used for similar purposes they differ from each other. R mainly focuses on the statistical part of a project while Python is flexible in its usage and data analysis tasks.

## Who uses R programming?

R is a programming language created by statisticians for statistics, specifically for working with data. It is a language for statistical computing and data visualizations used widely by business analysts, data analysts, data scientists, and scientists.

## Is R used anymore?

R language is used by more than 2 million statisticians and data scientists across the world, and with the wider adoption of R language for business applications, the usage of this statistical software is increasing exponentially.

## Who still uses R?

R is one of the latest cutting-edge tools. Today, millions of analysts, researchers, and brands such as Facebook, Google, Bing, Accenture, Wipro are using R to solve complex issues. The applications of R are not limited to just one sector, we can see the use of R in banking, e-commerce, finance, and many more sectors.

## Should I learn R or Python first?

Conclusion — it's better to learn Python before you learn R. There are still plenty of jobs where R is required, so if you have the time it doesn't hurt to learn both, but I'd suggest that these days, Python is becoming the dominant programming language for data scientists and the better first choice to focus on.

## Can I learn R in a week?

If you have prior knowledge of any programming language, then it will take one week to learn R programming. Otherwise, for a complete beginner, it will take one week to clear the basics, provided you are practicing 3 hours per day.

## Is R Worth learning 2021?

Various big tech companies like Facebook, Google, Uber, etc are using the R language for their businesses, and considering the rapidly increasing demand for data science and machine learning trends, learning the R programming language is surely worthwhile for your future career endeavors.

## What does \r mean in coding?

carriage return\r is a carriage return which often means that the cursor should move to the leftmost column, while \n is a line feed which moves the cursor to the next line.

## Is R programming useful?

R is a Powerful, Scripting Language As such, R can handle large, complex data sets. R is also the best language to use for large, resource-intensive simulations, and it can be used on high-performance computer clusters.

## Is R better than Excel?

Using R and Excel R and Excel are beneficial in different ways. Excel starts off easier to learn and is frequently cited as the go-to program for reporting, thanks to its speed and efficiency. R is designed to handle larger data sets, to be reproducible, and to create more detailed visualizations.

## Is R better than Matlab?

When it comes to basic programming functions Matlab is quicker than R. So, it is used in statistics and machine learning. R is slower than Matlab. But proficient programmer in R can accomplish results faster and boost efficiency.

## What does the letter R mean in English?

The letter ⟨r⟩ is used to form the** ending "-re", ** which is used in certain words such as centre in some varieties of English spelling, such as British English. Canadian English also uses the "-re" ending, unlike American English, where the ending is usually replaced by "-er" ( center ).

## When was the letter R written?

The descending stroke of the Latin letter R has fully developed by the 3rd century BC, as seen in the Tomb of the Scipios sarcophagus inscriptions of that era. From around 50 AD, the letter P would be written with its loop fully closed, assuming the shape formerly taken by R .

## What is a trilled R?

A good example of a trilled R is in the Spanish word for dog, perro. In William Shakespeare 's Romeo and Juliet, such a reference is made by Juliet's nurse in Act 2, scene 4, when she calls the letter R "the dog's name". The reference is also found in Ben Jonson 's English Grammar.

## What is the minuscule form?

The minuscule (lowercase) form ( r) developed through several variation**s on the capital form. ** Along with Latin minuscule writing in general, it developed ultimately from Roman cursive via the uncial script of Late Antiquity into the Carolingian minuscule of the 9th century.

## What is R in computer science?

R is** a programming language and free software environment for statistical computing and graphics supported by the R Core Team and the R Foundation for Statistical Computing. ** The R language is widely used among statisticians and data miners for developing statistical software and data analysis.

## What is statistical R?

R and its libraries implement various statistical and graphical techniques, including** linear and nonlinear modeling, classical statistical tests **, spatial and time-series analysis, classification, clustering, and others. R is easily extensible through functions and extensions, and its community is noted for contributing packages. Many of R's standard functions are written in R, which makes it easy for users to follow the algorithmic choices made. For computationally intensive tasks, C, C++, and Fortran code can be linked and called at run time. Advanced users can write C, C++, Java, .NET or Python code to manipulate R objects directly. R is highly extensible through the use of packages for specific functions and specific applications. Due to its S heritage, R has stronger object-oriented programming facilities than most statistical computing languages. Extending it is facilitated by its lexical scoping rules.

## What is R data structure?

Like languages such as APL and MATLAB, R supports matrix arithmetic. R's data structures include** vectors, matrices, arrays, data frames ** (similar to tables in a relational database) and lists. Arrays are stored in column-major order. R's extensible object system includes objects for (among others): regression models, time-series and geo-spatial coordinates. R has no scalar data type. Instead, a scalar is represented as a length-one vector.

## What is R in computer?

R is** an interpreted language; ** users typically access it through a command-line interpreter. If a user types 2+2 at the R command prompt and presses enter, the computer replies with 4, as shown below:

## What is the R software environment?

The official R software environment is** a GNU package. ** It is written primarily in C, Fortran, and R itself (partially self-hosting) and is available under the GNU General Public License. Precompiled executables are provided for various operating systems. It has a command line interface. Multiple third-party graphical user interfaces are available, such as RStudio, an integrated development environment; and Jupyter, a notebook interface .

## What is R used for?

R is a programming language and free software environment for** statistical computing ** and graphics supported by the R Core Team and the R Foundation for Statistical Computing. The R language is widely used among statisticians and data miners for developing statistical software and data analysis.

## When was S created?

S was created by John Chambers in** 1976 ** while at Bell Labs. A commercial version of S was offered as S-PLUS starting in 1988. Much of the code written for S-PLUS runs unaltered in R. In 1991 Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman at the University of Auckland, New Zealand, began an alternative implementation of the basic S language, ...

## What is R in statistics?

R provides** a wide variety of statistical (linear and nonlinear modelling, classical statistical tests, time-series analysis, classification, clustering, ** …**) and graphical techniques, ** and is highly extensible. The S language is often the vehicle of choice for research in statistical methodology, and R provides an Open Source route to participation in that activity.

## What is R in computing?

R is** a language and environment for statistical computing and graphics. ** It is a GNU project which is similar to the S language and environment which was developed at Bell Laboratories (formerly AT&T, now Lucent Technologies) by John Chambers and colleagues. R can be considered as a different implementation of S.

## What is R software?

R is** an integrated suite of software facilities for data manipulation, calculation and graphical display. ** It includes

## What are the strengths of R?

One of R’s strengths is** the ease with which well-designed publication-quality plots can be produced, including mathematical symbols and formulae where needed. ** Great care has been taken over the defaults for the minor design choices in graphics, but the user retains full control.

## Is R a free software?

**R is available as Free Software ** under the terms of the Free Software Foundation ’s GNU General Public License in source code form. It compiles and runs on a wide variety of UNIX platforms and similar systems (including FreeBSD and Linux), Windows and MacOS.

## Is R a statistical system?

**Many users think of R as a statistics system. We prefer to think of it as an environment within which ** statistical techniques are implemented. R can be extended (easily) via packages. There are about eight packages supplied with the R distribution and many more are available through the CRAN family of Internet sites covering a very wide range of modern statistics.

## What is R in chemistry?

R-** a unit of radiation exposure; ** the dose of ionizing radiation that will produce 1 electrostatic unit of electricity in 1 cc of dry air

## What does R mean in movies?

R 1.** A trademark for a movie rating indicating that admission will be granted only to persons of or over a certain age, usually 17, unless accompanied by a parent or guardian. **

## What is restricted rating?

4. restricted:** a motion-picture rating advising that children under 17 will not be admitted unless accompanied by an adult. ** Compare G (def. 2),NC-17, PG,PG-13,X (def. 7).

## What is the intrinsic rate of increase of a population?

the intrinsic rate of increase of a population, equivalent to** the difference between the birth and death rates divided by the number of individuals in the population. ** Also called Malthusian parameter.

## What is a movie rating?

**A trademark for a movie rating indicating that admission will be granted only to persons of or over a certain age, usually 17, unless accompanied by a parent or guardian. **

## Which alphabet evolved by the ancient Romans?

Latin alphabet, Roman alphabet- the alphabet evolved by the ancient Romans which serves for writing most of the languages of western Europe

## Examples in Each Chapter

With our "Try it Yourself" editor, you can edit R code and view the result.

## R Examples

Learn by examples! This tutorial supplements all explanations with clarifying examples.

## R Quiz

Learn by taking a quiz! This quiz will give you a signal of how much you know about R.

## Who created R?

R was created by** Ross Ihaka ** and** Robert Gentleman ** at the University of Auckland, New Zealand, and is currently developed by the R Development Core Team. R is freely available under the GNU General Public License, and pre-compiled binary versions are provided for various operating systems like Linux, Windows and Mac.

## What is R software?

R is** a programming language and software environment for statistical analysis, graphics representation and reporting. ** R was created by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman at the University of Auckland, New Zealand, and is currently developed by the R Development Core Team. R is freely available under the GNU General Public License, ...

## What is the result of a comparison?

The result of comparison is a** Boolean value. ** It is called Element-wise Logical AND operator. It combines each element of the first vector with the corresponding element of the second vector and gives a output TRUE if both the elements are TRUE. It is called Element-wise Logical OR operator.

## What is the operator that takes the first element of both vectors and gives the true if one of them is true?

Called** Logical ** OR operator. Takes first element of both the vectors and gives the TRUE if one of them is TRUE.

## What is the result of comparing elements of the first vector?

Each element of the first vector is compared with the corresponding element of the second vector. The result of comparison is a** Boolean value. **

## Which operator considers only the first element of the vectors and gives a vector of single element as output?

The** logical operator ** && and || considers only the first element of the vectors and give a vector of single element as output.

## What is the purpose of controlling, organizing, and govern your use of R packages?

Control, organize, and govern your use of R packages** to increase reproducibility and decrease the time you spend installing and troubleshooting. **

## What is RStudio software?

RStudio** provides free and open source tools for R and enterprise-ready professional software for data science teams to develop and share their work at scale. **

## Overview

R, or r, is the eighteenth letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet. Its name in English is ar , plural ars, or in Ireland or /ˈɔːr/.

The letter ⟨r⟩ is the eighth most common letter in English and the fourth-most common consonant (after ⟨t⟩, ⟨n⟩, and ⟨s⟩).

The letter ⟨r⟩ is used to form the ending "-re", which is used in certain words such as centre in so…

## Name

The name of the letter in Latin was er (/ɛr/), following the pattern of other letters representing continuants, such as F, L, M, N and S. This name is preserved in French and many other languages. In Middle English, the name of the letter changed from /ɛr/ to /ar/, following a pattern exhibited in many other words such as farm (compare French ferme) and star (compare German Stern).

In Hiberno-English the letter is called /ɒr/ or /ɔːr/, somewhat similar to oar, ore, orr.

## History

## Pronunciation and use

⟨r⟩ represents a rhotic consonant in many languages, as shown in the table below.

Other languages may use the letter ⟨r⟩ in their alphabets (or Latin transliterations schemes) to represent rhotic consonants different from the alveolar trill. In Haitian Creole, it represents a sound so weak that it is often written interchangeably with ⟨w⟩, e.g. 'Kweyol' for 'Kreyol'.

Brazilian Portuguese has a great number of allophones of /ʁ/ such as [χ], [h], [ɦ], [x], [ɣ], [ɹ] and [r]…

## Related characters

• R with diacritics: Ŕ ŕ Ɍ ɍ Ř ř Ŗ ŗ Ṙ ṙ Ȑ ȑ Ȓ ȓ Ṛ ṛ Ṝ ṝ Ṟ ṟ Ꞧ ꞧ Ɽ ɽ R̃ r̃ ᵲ ꭨ ᵳ ᶉ

• International Phonetic Alphabet-specific symbols related to R: ɹ ɺ ɾ ɻ ɽ ʀ ʁ ʶ ˞ ʴ

• Obsolete and nonstandard symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet: ɼ ɿ

## See also

• Guttural R

## External links

• Media related to R at Wikimedia Commons

• The dictionary definition of R at Wiktionary

• The dictionary definition of r at Wiktionary

## Overview

R is a programming language for statistical computing and graphics supported by the R Core Team and the R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Created by statisticians Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman, R is used among data miners, bioinformaticians and statisticians for data analysis and developing statistical software. Users have created packages to augment the functions of the R lang…

## History

R is an open-source implementation of the S programming language combined with lexical scoping semantics from Scheme, which allow objects to be defined in predetermined blocks rather than the entirety of the code. S was created by Rick Becker, John Chambers, Doug Dunn, Jean McRae, and Judy Schilling at Bell Labs around 1976. Designed for statistical analysis, the language is an interpreted language whose code could be directly run without a compiler. Many programs writte…

## Features

R's data structures include vectors, arrays, lists, and data frames. Vectors are ordered collections of values and can be mapped to arrays of one or more dimensions in a column major order. That is, given an ordered collection of dimensions, one fills in values along the first dimension first, then fill in one-dimensional arrays across the second dimension, and so on. R supports array arithmetics and in this regard is like languages such as APL and MATLAB. The special case of a…

## Packages

R's capabilities are extended through user-created packages, which offer statistical techniques, graphical devices, import/export, reporting (RMarkdown, knitr, Sweave), etc. These packages and their easy installation and use has been cited as driving the language's widespread adoption in data science. The packaging system is also used by researchers to organize research data, code and report files in a systematic way for sharing and archiving.

## Interfaces

Various applications can be used to edit or run R code.

Early developers preferred to run R via the command line console, succeeded by those who prefer an IDE. IDEs for R include (in alphabetical order) Rattle GUI, R Commander, RKWard, RStudio, and Tinn-R. R is also supported in multi-purpose IDEs such as Eclipse via the StatET plugin, and Visual Studio via the R Tools for Visual Studio. Of these, RStudio is the most commonly used.

## Implementations

The main R implementation is written in R, C, and Fortran. Several other implementations aimed at improving speed or increasing extensibility. A closely related implementation is pqR (pretty quick R) by Radford M. Neal with improved memory management and support for automatic multithreading. Renjin and FastR are Java implementations of R for use in a Java Virtual Machine. CXXR, rho, and Riposte are implementations of R in C++. Renjin, Riposte, and pqR attempt to impr…

## Communities

R has local communities worldwide for users to network, share ideas, and learn.

A growing number of R events bring users together, such as conferences (e.g. useR!, WhyR?, conectaR, SatRdays), meetups, as well as R-Ladies groups that promote gender diversity. The R Foundation taskforce focuses on women and other under-represented groups.

## useR! conferences

The official annual gathering of R users is called "useR!". The first such event was useR! 2004 in May 2004, Vienna, Austria. After skipping 2005, the useR! conference has been held annually, usually alternating between locations in Europe and North America. History:

• useR! 2006, Vienna, Austria

• useR! 2007, Ames, Iowa, US